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  • FLAG OF CANADA :

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  • SHIELD OF CANADA :
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  • ANTHEM OF CANADA :










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  • MAPS OF CANADA :

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Index


  1. Canada
  2. Geography
  3. History
  4. Tourism
  5. Sports
  6. The important of Canada
6.1. Toronto



Canada
Is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and tree territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean. Canada is the world's second-largest country by total area, and its common border with the Units States is the world's longest land border.
The land that is now Canada has been inhabited for millennia by various Aboriginal peoples. Beginning in the late 15th century, British and French colonial expwditon explored, and later settled, the region's Atlantic coast. France ceded nearly all of its countries in North America to Britain in 1763 after the Seven Years' War. In 1867, with the union of threeBritish North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces. This began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy, culminating in theCanada Act 1982.
Canada is a federal state governed as a parliamentary democracy and a costitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state. The country is officially bilingual and multicultural at the federal level, with a population of approximately 33.4 million as of 2011. Canada's advanced economy is one of the world's largest and relies largely upon its natural resources and international trade, particularly with the United States, with which it has had a long and complex relationship. Per capita income is the world's ninth highest, and Canada ranks sixth globally in human development. It preforms faubourably in international rankings of education, quality of life, government transparency, and economic freedom.

Geography
Canada has a very large and diverse range of geographic features. Canada is divided into 10 provinces and 2 territories. Canada stretches from the Pacific Ocean on the west, to the Atlantic Ocean on the east. Northern Canada reaches into the Arctic Circle, while southern Canada stretches below the northern points of the United States.
Canada has a very small population, 28 million people, for its geographic size. Much of Canada is still wilderness, cover by forests. The Rocky Mountains cover a major part of western Canada -- British Columbia, the Yukon Territory, and the western part of Alberta.
West-central Canada is mostly prairie, consisting of large grain farms.

The east-central part of Canada are the provinces of Ontario and Quebec. These are major population and industrial areas.The Maritime provinces on the east coast rely very heavily on the Atlantic Ocean for their way of life.

History
The first inhabitants of Canada were native Indian peoples, primarily the Inuit (Eskimo). The Norse explorer Leif Eriksson probably reached the shores of Canada (Labrador or Nova Scotia) in 1000, but the history of the white man in the country actually began in 1497, when John Cabot, an Italian in the service of Henry VII of England, reached Newfoundland or Nova Scotia. Canada was taken for France in 1534 by Jacques Cartier. The actual settlement of New France, as it was then called, began in 1604 at Port Royal in what is now Nova Scotia; in 1608, Quebec was founded. France's colonization efforts were not very successful, but French explorers by the end of the 17th century had penetrated beyond the Great Lakes to the western prairies and south along the Mississippi to the Gulf of Mexico. Meanwhile, the English Hudson's Bay Company had been established in 1670. Because of the valuable fisheries and fur trade, a conflict developed between the French and English; in 1713, Newfoundland, Hudson Bay, and Nova Scotia (Acadia) were lost to England. During the Seven Years' War (1756–1763), England extended its conquest, and the British general James Wolfe won his famous victory over Gen. Louis Montcalm outside Quebec on Sept. 13, 1759. The Treaty of Paris in 1763 gave England control.
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Tourism

TOURISM IN CANADA

Sports
Sports in Canada consists of a wide variety of games. There are many contests that Canadians value, the most common are ice hockey, lacrosse, Canadian football, basketball, soccer, curling and baseball, with ice hockey and lacrosse being the official winter and summer sports, respectively.




The important of Canada
Niagara Fallsis the collective name for three waterfalls that straddle the internacional border between the Canadian province of Ontario and the U.S. State of New York. They form the southern end of the Niagara Gorge.

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Toronto

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